Introduction:   Romansis the first of Paul’s epistles. The letter was to both the Jewish Christians and the Gentile (nations)Christians.  This is the first of theChristian books of the New Testament. Even though this letter was to Romans living in Rome it was written inGreek, since 76% of the Jewish community in Rome spoke Greek. 


            Understandingthe lessons of Romans will help your Christian life be more rewarding and notget you off on the wrong step.  This islike the first grade in school the primary of Christian education. 


Subject:  Itis God’s wrath against sin and how the sinner can stand before God inRighteousness.  This is about Doctrineand Instruction.  This is biblicalDoctrine and Instruction and not Denominational.   


Theme:  Paulreminds the Jewish readers that without Christ they are as dammed as theGentiles.  These are two cultures thathave very little in common.  ThereforePaul must address a church experiencing tension between two valid culturalexpressions of the Christian Faith.


            Today we continue to stress,“justification by Faith”.  This is oneof the issues that caused Martian Luther to split from the Roman CatholicChurch.  So what we read about in Romansand on was revealed by Jesus Christ in John 16:13, 13Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guideyou into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shallhear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come.  Jesus said some thing was to be revealed would be better thanwhat has been said.  Every word ofscripture is for us and for our learning, but not every word is about us.


Romans 1:1, 1Paul, a servant of JesusChrist, called to be an apostle, separated unto the gospel of God, Paulidentifies himself as a “servant of God” a commissioned messenger or apostle anambassador of the gospel.  He was calledor set apart as in the Old Testament like Israel’s prophets.  Paul was called to preach the “Gospel ofJesus Christ” and he also preached the “Gospel of the Kingdom”. The Phariseesseparated themselves to the study of the law. This teaching and preaching is ofthe Holy Spirit.


V2-(Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)this is in parentheses.  This is justgood information a reminder of what God said He would do.  These words were for the Jewish reader. 


V3- Concerning his Son Jesus Christ ourLord, which was made of the seed of David according to the flesh; Thisis concerning Jesus Christ the one in flesh from the seed of David.  This seed was from Virgin Mary to Adam whichcan be found in Luke 3:23-38.


V4-And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit ofholiness, by the resurrection from the dead: Son of God- therefore Christ isthe heir to all things. 

With power– Dunamis – like dynamite. The resurrection from the dead is to separate Christfrom all that have died since Christ was the first one raised from thedead.  This sets Him apart from everyoneelse who has died.


V5- By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faithamong all nations, for his name: It was through Christ that they had received grace and apostleship.  They were obedient to the faith, the livingdivinity implanted principle from God. Nations - This included the JewishChristians and the Gentiles and representatives of all Mediterranean culturesthat lived in Rome.


V6-: Amongwhom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ. Including all of theseseparated from those that did not believe in Jesus Christ.


V7- To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to youand peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.  Paul is talking/addressing all that believein Christ who follow and worship Him; holy separated ones (saints).  The second part is a standard greeting awell wishing type of prayer similar to I Thessalonians 3:11.

NowGod himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you. 


V8- First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith isspoken of throughout the whole world. Paul is speaking in a prayer to them in Rome.  Whole world is referring to the Kosmos – the world ascreated, ordered, and arranged.


V9- For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of hisSon, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;  “For God is my witness” is an idiom, todaywe would say, “from the bottom of my heart” or “with all my heart”.


V10- Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journeyby the will of God to come unto you. Paul is still talking about prayerand the will of God.  Making request, tocall aside, appeal to, exhortation, comfort, or instruction.


V11- For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, tothe end ye may be established; Paul wants to come to Rome to visit themto impart spiritual gifts as in 1 Corinthians 12:1 Now concerningspiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.  These are not natural gifts youcannot touch or see them they are spiritual. They are applied to things in the divine sphere as well as to those inSatan’s realm.  These are supernaturaland are given by the same Spirit:

1.      Wordof wisdom       

2.      Wordof knowledge

3.      Faith

4.      Healing

5.      Workingof miracles

6.      Prophecy

7.      Discerningof spirits

8.      Diverskinds of tongues

9.      Interpretationof tongues

Thiswas to establish them and to ground them.


V12- That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faithboth of you and me.  Paul issaying he will feel better knowing that they know how to use and will use thegifts.  They will be stronger in thefaith and more useful in the church.


V13- Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed tocome unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among youalso, even as among other Gentiles. Paul was anxious to get there so they could win some souls forJesus.  Without the gifts it’s hard tobe fruitful. 


V14, 15 - I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to theBarbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. 15So, as much as inme is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.  Greeks considered everyone that was notGreek to be Barbarians, unwise and uneducated. Paul was speaking with confidence that he could handle all that were inRome.  So if they were in Rome Paulwould preach to them.


V16 - For I am not ashamed of the gospel ofChrist: for it is the power of God unto salvation to every one that believeth;to the Jew first, and also to the Greek.  Paul is starting to preach aboutChrist.  He knows that God’s word willnot come back void, that God will keep His word if we will be obedient toit.  Paul‘s thesis is that he will speakthe gospel of Christ. In Acts the Jews were preached to first then the Greeksor Gentiles and he can still do that. The Jews were still considered the lost sheep of Israel and he felt aneed to still insure that they got the word of God about Christ first.   The key is God’s salvation it is foreveryone that believeth.  This dealswith faith, to have faith that this Christ will set them free.

            The Jewsunderstood this from the Old Testament times where God saved them from alltypes of things.  But this was a newtype of salvation not of physical things but of a spiritual type thattransformed them into a different person. The Holy Spirit lived within them and not around them.  Salvation comes to us through God’s Gracethrough Christ.  There is no otherway.  We receive it through the Faiththat God also gives us to believe it. We go from a spiritual death to a spiritual life, we move from the powerof sin to the power of the Lord. 


V17- For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: asit is written, The just shall live by faith.  From faith to faith means from the start of your salvation to thedeath of your physical body.  God’srighteousness is revealed on the ground of faith as the absolute condition ofsalvation and is operative to those who believe.  As you mature in Christ you faith builds.  “The just shall live by faith” is taken fromthe Old Testament Habakkuk 2:4, 4Behold, his soul which islifted up is not upright in him: but the just shall live by his faith. Westake our life on the claim that there is a God and we live by this faith thatthis same God gives us.


V18- For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness andunrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Thewrath of God –

InGod’s word we have both the revelation of God’s righteousness and the wrath ofGod revealed in his word.  Ungodlyliving reaps the wrath of God.  Godhates sin it is witnessed throughout the Old Testament.  God’s wrath was against people and nations –floods, famine and pestilence to name a few. Part of the wrath of God will be the tribulation and the judgment.  The only way of escape is through salvationand living a holy life.  Do not getcaught up in the unrighteousness of sin. We have to hate sin as God hates itand take a stand against immorality.


V19 - Because that which may be known of God is manifest in them; forGod hath showed it unto them.  This is to the nations because the Jews hadthe law and knew right from wrong.  SoGod had to show them the things they did were wrong.


V20 - For the invisible things of him from the creationof the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made,even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:  This is saying if you look around you cansee there must be a living God.  Thereis no excuse to not search Him out. Ignorance is not bliss!


V21 - Because that, when they knew God, they glorifiedhim not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations,and their foolish heart was darkened. Even though they knew there was a God they continued in immorality.  They did not care and they would do whatfelt good to them.  Today Christiansfall from grace for the same reasons.  Theyworship themselves taking their eyes off of God. 


V22, 23 - Professing themselves to be wise, theybecame fools, 23And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God intoan image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, andcreeping things.  They were sosmart they worshipped frogs and things even as other cultures do today.



V24-25- Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of theirown hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: 25Whochanged the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creaturemore than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen From v24 on Paulis talking about the Gentiles (Nations). Paul is stating that the Gentiles were sexually immoral.  They worshipped idols.  They believed the lie of Satan that theywere gods and could do as they pleased. This caused them to reject God. When you start to self-worship you will come into pride and after thatthe fall. 1 Tim 3:6 Nota novice, lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of thedevil.  1 John 2:16

Forall that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, andthe pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world. 


V26- 28 - For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even theirwomen did change the natural use into that which is against nature: Andlikewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in theirlust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, andreceiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. 28Andeven as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them overto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; Thisis talking about homosexual/ lesbian acts. There is nothing more powerful than your own lust.  It will enslave you and take everything fromyou.  It will drive you deeper out ofthe will of God.



This is not an acceptable lifestyle.


V29-31 - Being filled with all unrighteousness,fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder,debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30Backbiters, haters of God,despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31Withoutunderstanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable,unmerciful: Paul tries not to leave any one out.  But knowing man if you did not mention hisspecific sin he will justify it as all right. 

1.     Fornicationn. Sexual intercourse between partners who are not married to eachother.

2.     Wickedness n. Evil by nature and inpractice

3.     Covetousness n. Excessively and culpablydesirous of the possessions of another.

4.     Maliciousness n. intended to do harm

5.     Full of envy A feeling of discontent and resentmentaroused by and in conjunction with desire for the possessions or qualities ofanother.

6.     Murder n. The unlawful killing of one humanbeing by another, especially with premeditated malice.

7.     Debate To engage in a formal discussion or argument.

8.     Deceit The act or practice of deceiving; deception.

9.     Malignity n The condition or quality of beinghighly dangerous or injurious; deadliness.

10. Whisperers To speak quietly and privately, as by way ofgossip, slanders, or intrigues.

11. Backbiters To speak spitefully or slanderously about aperson.

12. Haters of God hateful to God

13. Despiteful Contemptuous defiance or disregard.

14. Proud Feeling pleasurable satisfaction over an act, apossession, a quality, or a relationship by which one measures one's stature orself-worth. 

15. Boasters To glorify oneself in speech; talk in aself-admiring way.

16. Inventers of evil things wise to do evil, and yet haveno knowledge to do well.

17. Disobedient to parents Refusal or failure to obey.

18. Withoutunderstanding Stark fools in the thoughts of God.

19. CovenantbreakersA binding agreement that means nothing

20. Without natural affection could care less about whathappens to other people?

21. Implacable Impossible to placate or appease.

22. Unmerciful Having or exhibiting no mercy; merciless.


 V32 - suchthings are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in themthat do them Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit. Whenknowing the judgments of God and still sinning is like running against theblade of the sword.  You have a moralobligation not to take pleasure in sin of any type.  God always will tell you when sin comes your way it is usually inthe form of temptation and your spirit will give you a nudge its coming andwhat to do about it.  Listen to thatinner spirit talk to you.  God does notlike willful sin regardless of the reason. When you evaluate this chapter thereis no way that works will ever get you into heaven.  I thank God for His Grace.  Take a round turn on your life, you have the resources to do it, nowtake the time to do it.