Introduction: Romansis the first of Paul’s epistles. The letter was to both the Jewish Christians and the Gentile (nations)Christians. This is the first of theChristian books of the New Testament. Even though this letter was to Romans living in Rome it was written inGreek, since 76% of the Jewish community in Rome spoke Greek.
Understandingthe lessons of Romans will help your Christian life be more rewarding and notget you off on the wrong step. This islike the first grade in school the primary of Christian education.
Subject: Itis God’s wrath against sin and how the sinner can stand before God inRighteousness. This is about Doctrineand Instruction. This is biblicalDoctrine and Instruction and not Denominational.
Theme: Paulreminds the Jewish readers that without Christ they are as dammed as theGentiles. These are two cultures thathave very little in common. ThereforePaul must address a church experiencing tension between two valid culturalexpressions of the Christian Faith.
V2-(Which he had promised afore by his prophets in the holy scriptures,)this is in parentheses. This is justgood information a reminder of what God said He would do.
V4-And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit ofholiness, by the resurrection from the dead: Son of God- therefore Christ isthe heir to all things.
With power– Dunamis – like dynamite. The resurrection from the dead is to separate Christfrom all that have died since Christ was the first one raised from thedead. This sets Him apart from everyoneelse who has died.
V5- By whom we have received grace and apostleship, for obedience to the faithamong all nations, for his name: It was through Christ that they had received grace and apostleship.
V6-: Amongwhom are ye also the called of Jesus Christ. Including all of theseseparated from those that did not believe in Jesus Christ.
V7- To all that be in Rome, beloved of God, called to be saints: Grace to youand peace from God our Father, and the Lord Jesus Christ.
NowGod himself and our Father, and our Lord Jesus Christ, direct our way unto you.
V8- First, I thank my God through Jesus Christ for you all, that your faith isspoken of throughout the whole world. Paul is speaking in a prayer to them in Rome. Whole world is referring to the Kosmos – the world ascreated, ordered, and arranged.
V9- For God is my witness, whom I serve with my spirit in the gospel of hisSon, that without ceasing I make mention of you always in my prayers;
V10- Making request, if by any means now at length I might have a prosperous journeyby the will of God to come unto you. Paul is still talking about prayerand the will of God. Making request, tocall aside, appeal to, exhortation, comfort, or instruction.
V11- For I long to see you, that I may impart unto you some spiritual gift, tothe end ye may be established; Paul wants to come to Rome to visit themto impart spiritual gifts as in 1 Corinthians 12:1 Now concerningspiritual gifts, brethren, I would not have you ignorant.
Thiswas to establish them and to ground them.
V12- That is, that I may be comforted together with you by the mutual faithboth of you and me. Paul issaying he will feel better knowing that they know how to use and will use thegifts. They will be stronger in thefaith and more useful in the church.
V13- Now I would not have you ignorant, brethren, that oftentimes I purposed tocome unto you, (but was let hitherto,) that I might have some fruit among youalso, even as among other Gentiles. Paul was anxious to get there so they could win some souls forJesus. Without the gifts it’s hard tobe fruitful.
V14, 15 - I am debtor both to the Greeks, and to theBarbarians; both to the wise, and to the unwise. 15So, as much as inme is, I am ready to preach the gospel to you that are at Rome also.
The Jewsunderstood this from the Old Testament times where God saved them from alltypes of things. But this was a newtype of salvation not of physical things but of a spiritual type thattransformed them into a different person. The Holy Spirit lived within them and not around them.
V17- For therein is the righteousness of God revealed from faith to faith: asit is written, The just shall live by faith. From faith to faith means from the start of your salvation to thedeath of your physical body. God’srighteousness is revealed on the ground of faith as the absolute condition ofsalvation and is operative to those who believe. As you mature in Christ you faith builds.
V18- For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness andunrighteousness of men, who hold the truth in unrighteousness; Thewrath of God –
InGod’s word we have both the revelation of God’s righteousness and the wrath ofGod revealed in his word. Ungodlyliving reaps the wrath of God. Godhates sin it is witnessed throughout the Old Testament.
V20 - For the invisible things of him from the creationof the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made,even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse:
V21 - Because that, when they knew God, they glorifiedhim not as God, neither were thankful; but became vain in their imaginations,and their foolish heart was darkened. Even though they knew there was a God they continued in immorality.
V22, 23 - Professing themselves to be wise, theybecame fools, 23And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God intoan image made like to corruptible man, and to birds, and fourfooted beasts, andcreeping things. They were sosmart they worshipped frogs and things even as other cultures do today.
V24-25- Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of theirown hearts, to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: 25Whochanged the truth of God into a lie, and worshipped and served the creaturemore than the Creator, who is blessed for ever. Amen From v24 on Paulis talking about the Gentiles (Nations). Paul is stating that the Gentiles were sexually immoral.
Forall that is in the world, the lust of the flesh, and the lust of the eyes, andthe pride of life, is not of the Father, but is of the world.
V26- 28 - For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even theirwomen did change the natural use into that which is against nature: Andlikewise also the men, leaving the natural use of the woman, burned in theirlust one toward another; men with men working that which is unseemly, andreceiving in themselves that recompense of their error which was meet. 28Andeven as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them overto a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient; Thisis talking about homosexual/ lesbian acts. There is nothing more powerful than your own lust.
This is not an acceptable lifestyle.
V29-31 - Being filled with all unrighteousness,fornication, wickedness, covetousness, maliciousness; full of envy, murder,debate, deceit, malignity; whisperers, 30Backbiters, haters of God,despiteful, proud, boasters, inventors of evil things, disobedient to parents, 31Withoutunderstanding, covenantbreakers, without natural affection, implacable,unmerciful: Paul tries not to leave any one out.
1. Fornicationn. Sexual intercourse between partners who are not married to eachother.
2. Wickedness n. Evil by nature and inpractice
3. Covetousness n. Excessively and culpablydesirous of the possessions of another.
4. Maliciousness n. intended to do harm
5. Full of envy A feeling of discontent and resentmentaroused by and in conjunction with desire for the possessions or qualities ofanother.
6. Murder n. The unlawful killing of one humanbeing by another, especially with premeditated malice.
7. Debate To engage in a formal discussion or argument.
8. Deceit The act or practice of deceiving; deception.
9. Malignity n The condition or quality of beinghighly dangerous or injurious; deadliness.
10. Whisperers To speak quietly and privately, as by way ofgossip, slanders, or intrigues.
11. Backbiters To speak spitefully or slanderously about aperson.
12. Haters of God hateful to God
13. Despiteful Contemptuous defiance or disregard.
14. Proud Feeling pleasurable satisfaction over an act, apossession, a quality, or a relationship by which one measures one's stature orself-worth.
15. Boasters To glorify oneself in speech; talk in aself-admiring way.
16. Inventers of evil things wise to do evil, and yet haveno knowledge to do well.
17. Disobedient to parents Refusal or failure to obey.
18. Withoutunderstanding Stark fools in the thoughts of God.
19. CovenantbreakersA binding agreement that means nothing
20. Without natural affection could care less about whathappens to other people?
21. Implacable Impossible to placate or appease.
22. Unmerciful Having or exhibiting no mercy; merciless.
V32 - suchthings are worthy of death, not only do the same, but have pleasure in themthat do them Who knowing the judgment of God, that they which commit. Whenknowing the judgments of God and still sinning is like running against theblade of the sword. You have a moralobligation not to take pleasure in sin of any type. God always will tell you when sin comes your way it is usually inthe form of temptation and your spirit will give you a nudge its coming andwhat to do about it. Listen to thatinner spirit talk to you. God does notlike willful sin regardless of the reason. When you evaluate this chapter thereis no way that works will ever get you into heaven. I thank God for His Grace. Take a round turn on your life, you have the resources to do it, nowtake the time to do it.