Matthew 2:1-23

Luke 2: 1-20

Malachi 3:1



            There aretwo accounts of the birth of Jesus Christ in the New Testament.  One is in the book of Matthew and the otheris in the book of Luke.  Each account isquite different.  We will read the Lukeaccount and refer to the Matthew account. There are 124 Messianic Prophesies relating to Jesus Christ in the OldTestament.  This lession will only covera couple that talk about the coming of the Messiah.


            The firsttime in the Bible that God speaks of a Savior, Is in Gen3:15. 

      15And I will put enmitybetween thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruisethy head, and thou shalt bruise his heel.

      God istalking to Satan for what he has done.  It refers to Christ, and He will inflict a vital blow, a completedestruction to Satan (head) and his works. Satan on the other hand will inflict only a bruise to Christ’s (heel) anon-vital part.

            From Gen 1to 3, God was with man and walked with man. From Gen 3 to the end of Revelation God is restoring man to God.  Man needed a Savior to communicate withGod. 


Throughout the Old Testament God has spoken to thepeople that He is going to send a Savior. One passage is found in Isaiah 9:6that states a lot about who is coming.

 6For unto us a child is born,unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and hisname shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlastingFather, The Prince of Peace. 7Of the increase of his government andpeace there shall be no end, upon the throne of David, and upon his kingdom, toorder it, and to establish it with judgment and with justice from hencefortheven for ever. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will perform this.


 How did God in theOld Testament let the people know He was going to send a MESSIAH, a MESSENGER?  Messenger in this verse means:  “To dispatch as a deputy, a messenger,specifically of God, That is, an angel, (also a prophet, priest or teacher):ambassador, angel, king, messenger.


A review of Luke 2 will revealevents and specific places that were talked about in the Old Testament thatpointed to this event, the birth of the Messiah.  


1And it came to pass in thosedays, that there went out a decree from Caesar Augustus, that all the worldshould be taxed. 2(And this taxing was first made when Cyrenius wasgovernor of Syria.) 3And all went to be taxed, every one into hisown city.

            There isrecord in the British Museum that this took place by the Roman Government.  It was the first of two taxations mentionedin Biblical times the second was in Acts 5:37.


4And Joseph also went up fromGalilee, out of the city of Nazareth, into Judaea, unto the city of David,which is called Bethlehem; (because he was of the house and lineage of David:)

                Bethlehem wasspoken of in Micah 5:2 as the place that the Messiah would be born.

2But thou, BethlehemEphratah, though thou be little among the thousands of Judah, yet out of theeshall he come forth unto me that is to be ruler in Israel; whose goings forthhave been from of old, from everlasting. 


5To be taxed with Mary hisespoused wife, being great with child. 6And so it was, that, whilethey were there, the days were accomplished that she should be delivered. 

We have to go back to Matthew 1:23to find out who Mary and the Child were.

Mary is identified as a Virgin and the Child was Emmanuel,

23Behold, a virgin shall bewith child, and shall bring forth a son, and they shall call his name Emmanuel,which being interpreted is, God with us.

We need to go to the Old Testamentand see if they were identified there and could the Jews see this as a sign tothem that this was the Messsiah. In Isaiah 7:13,14, written 630 years before Christ was born we findthese words.

13And he said, Hear ye now, Ohouse of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary myGod also? 14Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign;Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his nameImmanuel.

Reviewing the word Virgin itseamed as if it should be clear to the Jews that Jesus (Immanuel) wouldbe born of a Virgin.


There is a lot of controversy overthe Star of Bethlehem spoken of four times in Matthew in reference to Christbeing born.  The first one is Matthew 2:2:

2Saying, Where is he that isborn King of the Jews? For we have seen his star in the east, and are come toworship him.

By reading Numbers 24:15-19 allquestions are settled if we regard this as miraculous.

15And he took up his parable,and said, Balaam the son of Beor hath said, and the man whose eyes are openhath said: 16He hath said, which heard the words of God, and knewthe knowledge of the most High, which saw the vision of the Almighty, fallinginto a trance, but having his eyes open: 17I shall see him, but not now:I shall behold him, but not nigh: there shall come a Star out of Jacob, and aSceptre shall rise out of Israel, and shall smite the corners of Moab, anddestroy all the children of Sheth. 18And Edom shall be a possession,Seir also shall be a possession for his enemies; and Israel shall do valiantly.19Out of Jacob shall come he that shall have dominion, and shalldestroy him that remaineth of the city.  

We have to look at this as avision.  The wise men were the only onesto have seen the Star in the East.  Soit is possible that God gave them a vision of this Star out of  Jacob. Even Herod had to ask them “what timedid the star appear”v7.  ThisStar also moved with them in v9 then stood still over the youngChild.  The last is when they saw theStar (Messiah) they rejoiced v10.


There are a lot of scriptures thatspeak of the coming of the Messiah. Some of them are major fulfillments of the early life of Christ.  Some speak of the second coming of Christ.  Here are a few that can be studied to furtherunderstand who this Christ is.

2 Samuel 7

1 Chronicles 17

Psalms 2; 72; 89; 110; 132.

Isaiah 2:2-5; 9:1-7; 11:1-10